信息收集

信息收集是网络攻击最重要的阶段之一。要想进行渗透攻击,就需要收集目标的各类信息。收集到的信息越多,攻击成功的概率也就越大。本章将介绍信息收集的相关工具。

Recon-NG框架

Recon-NG是由python编写的一个开源的Web侦查(信息收集)框架。Recon-ng框架是一个强大的工具,使用它可以自动的收集信息和网络侦查。下面将介绍使用Recon-NG侦查工具。
启动Recon-NG框架,执行命令如下所示:

[email protected]:~#
recon-ng

 

_/_/_/ _/_/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/_/_/

_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/_/ _/ _/_/ _/ _/

_/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/_/_/_/ _/ _/ _/ _/
_/_/_/

_韦德国际bv1946韦德国际1946手机版,/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/_/ _/ _/_/ _/ _/

_/ _/ _/_/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/_/_/

 

+—————————————————————————+

| _ ___ _ __ |

| |_)| _ _|_ |_|.|| _ | _ |_ _ _ _ _ _|_o _ _ (_ _ _
_o_|_ |

| |_)|(_|(_| | ||||_ _|_| || (_)| |||(_| | |(_)| |
__)(/_(_|_|| | | / |

| / |

| Consulting | Research | Development | Training |

| |

+—————————————————————————+

[recon-ng v4.1.4, Tim Tomes (@LaNMaSteR53)]

[56] Recon modules

[5] Reporting modules

[2] Exploitation modules

[2] Discovery modules

[1] Import modules

[recon-ng][default] >

以上输出信息显示了Recon-NG框架的基本信息。例如在Recon-NG框架下,包括56个侦查模块、5个报告模块、2个渗透攻击模块、2个发现模块和1个导入模块。看到[recon-ng][default]
>提示符,表示成功登录Recon-NG框架。现在,就可以在[recon-ng][default]
>提示符后面执行各种操作命令了。

首次使用Recon-NG框架之前,可以使用help命令查看所有可执行的命令。如下所示:

[recon-ng][default] > help

Commands (type [help|?] ):


add Adds records to the database

back Exits current prompt level

del Deletes records from the database

exit Exits current prompt level

help Displays this menu

keys Manages framework API keys

load Loads specified module

pdb Starts a Python Debugger session

query Queries the database

record Records commands to a resource file

reload Reloads all modules

resource Executes commands from a resource file

search Searches available modules

set Sets module options

shell Executes shell commands

show Shows various framework items

spool Spools output to a file

unset Unsets module options

use Loads specified module

workspaces Manages workspaces

以上输出信息显示了在Recon-NG框架中可运行的命令。该框架和Metasploit框架类似,同样也支持很多模块。此时,可以使用show
modules命令查看所有有效的模块列表。执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default] > show modules

Discovery


discovery/info_disclosure/cache_snoop

discovery/info_disclosure/interesting_files

Exploitation


exploitation/injection/command_injector

exploitation/injection/xpath_bruter

Import


import/csv_file

Recon


recon/companies-contacts/facebook

recon/companies-contacts/jigsaw

recon/companies-contacts/jigsaw/point_usage

recon/companies-contacts/jigsaw/purchase_contact

recon/companies-contacts/jigsaw/search_contacts

recon/companies-contacts/linkedin_auth

recon/contacts-contacts/mangle

recon/contacts-contacts/namechk

recon/contacts-contacts/rapportive

recon/contacts-creds/haveibeenpwned

……

recon/hosts-hosts/bing_ip

recon/hosts-hosts/ip_neighbor

recon/hosts-hosts/ipinfodb

recon/hosts-hosts/resolve

recon/hosts-hosts/reverse_resolve

recon/locations-locations/geocode

recon/locations-locations/reverse_geocode

recon/locations-pushpins/flickr

recon/locations-pushpins/picasa

recon/locations-pushpins/shodan

recon/locations-pushpins/twitter

recon/locations-pushpins/youtube

recon/netblocks-hosts/reverse_resolve

recon/netblocks-hosts/shodan_net

recon/netblocks-ports/census_2012

Reporting


reporting/csv

reporting/html

reporting/list

reporting/pushpin

reporting/xml

[recon-ng][default] >

从输出的信息中,可以看到显示了五部分。每部分包括的模块数,在启动Recon-NG框架后可以看到。用户可以使用不同的模块,进行各种的信息收集。

【实例3-1】使用recon/domains-hosts/baidu_site模块,枚举baidu网站的子域。具体操作步骤如下所示:

(1)使用recon/domains-hosts/baidu_site模块。执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default] > use recon/domains-hosts/baidu_site

(2)查看该模块下可配置选项参数。执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default][baidu_site] > show options

Name Current Value Req Description



SOURCE default yes source of input (see ‘show info’ for details)

[recon-ng][default][baidu_site] >

从输出的信息中,可以看到有一个选项需要配置。

(3)配置SOURCE选项参数。执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default][baidu_site] > set SOURCE baidu.com

SOURCE => baidu.com

从输出的信息中,可以看到SOURCE选项参数已经设置为baidu.com。

(4)启动信息收集。执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default][baidu_site] > run


BAIDU.COM


[*] URL:

[*] map.baidu.com

[*] 123.baidu.com

[*] jingyan.baidu.com

[*] top.baidu.com

[*] www.baidu.com

[*] hi.baidu.com

[*] video.baidu.com

[*] pan.baidu.com

[*] zhidao.baidu.com

[*] Sleeping to avoid lockout…


SUMMARY


[*] 9 total (2 new) items found.

从输出的信息中,可以看到找到9个子域。枚举到的所有数据将被连接到Recon-NG放置的数据库中。这时候,用户可以创建一个报告查看被连接的数据。

【实例3-2】查看获取的数据。具体操作步骤如下所示:

(1)选择reporting/csv模块,执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default] > use reporting/csv

(2)创建报告。执行命令如下所示:

[recon-ng][default][csv] > run

[*] 9 records added to
‘/root/.recon-ng/workspaces/default/results.csv’.

从输出的信息可以看到,枚举到的9个记录已被添加到/root/.recon-ng/workspaces/default/results.csv文件中。打开该文件,如图3.1所示。

韦德国际bv1946韦德国际1946手机版 1

图3.1 results.csv文件

(3)从该界面可以看到,枚举到的所有子域。

用户也可以使用Dmitry命令,查询关于网站的信息。下面将介绍Dmitry命令的使用。

查看Dmitry命令的帮助信息。执行命令如下所示:

[email protected]:~#
dmitry -h

Deepmagic Information Gathering Tool

“There be some deep magic going on”

dmitry: invalid option — ‘h’

Usage: dmitry [-winsepfb] [-t 0-9] [-o %host.txt] host

-o Save output to %host.txt or to file specified by -o file

-i Perform a whois lookup on the IP address of a host

-w Perform a whois lookup on the domain name of a host

-n Retrieve Netcraft.com information on a host

-s Perform a search for possible subdomains

-e Perform a search for possible email addresses

-p Perform a TCP port scan on a host

* -f Perform a TCP port scan on a host showing output reporting
filtered ports

* -b Read in the banner received from the scanned port

* -t 0-9 Set the TTL in seconds when scanning a TCP port ( Default 2 )

*Requires the -p flagged to be passed

以上信息显示了dmitry命令的语法格式和所有可用参数。下面使用dmitry命令的-s选项,查询合理的子域。执行命令如下所示:

[email protected]:~#
dmitry -s google.com

Deepmagic Information Gathering Tool

“There be some deep magic going on”

HostIP:173.194.127.71

HostName:google.com

Gathered Subdomain information for google.com


Searching Google.com:80…

HostName:www.google.com

HostIP:173.194.127.51

Searching Altavista.com:80…

Found 1 possible subdomain(s) for host google.com, Searched 0 pages
containing 0 results

All scans completed, exiting

从输出的信息中,可以看到搜索到一个子域。该子域名为www.google.com,IP地址为173.194.127.51。该命令默认是从google.com网站搜索,如果不能连接google.com网站的话,执行以上命令将会出现Unable
to connect: Socket Connect Error错误信息。

Kail
Linux渗透测试教程之Recon-NG框架 信息收集
信息收集是网络攻击最重要的阶段之一。要想进行渗透攻击…

Kail Linux渗透测试教程之Recon-NG框架

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